What are web accessibility and its types?

The accessibility test is a practice that allows as many people as possible to use the web and mobile applications. It makes applications accessible to people with disabilities, such as visual or hearing impairments and other physical or cognitive conditions. Accessibility testing is most effective when merging within your testing strategies; it should not be an afterthought. Align it with your test cycle and sync results with test reports in one place.

Types of Accessibility Tests and Revision:

Since running automated accessibility tests can aid you in instantly improving a few factors of a website’s accessibility, it cannot ensure compliance with the WCAGs or reduce the possibility of legal action. Comprehensive accessibility monitoring necessitates a multi-tiered approach that covers all assets in your digital ecosystem. Organizations should use the following four types of accessibility testing to ensure accessibility for users of all abilities and maintain ADA compliance:

Automated Testing:

Begin with automated testing, which quickly identifies poor results so that they can be corrected and improved. However, since automated testing lacks human interpretation and can miss critical accessibility difficulties, this will not be enough to avoid litigation or help them of all abilities.

Manual Code Review:

According to manual accessibility monitoring, approximately 80% of the recently updated WCAG 2.0 standards and 100% of the newly updated WCAG 2.1 Pass Criteria require manual review. Real people with WCAG technical exam knowledge and experience inspect CSS, JavaScript, and HTML to ensure compliance in this type of testing.

User Experience (UX) Exam:

The UX exam requires an inspection of significant site design elements to test usability and accessibility. Among the items scanned during the UX exam are:

Button size

Logical  layout 

Menu functionality 

Visual organization

This process is vital for native applications especially. And is highly beneficial to the visually impaired or those with reduced and cognitive mobility.

User Testing:

While manual code review ensures that your site is WCAG-compliant, user testing allows real people with disabilities, such as those who use screen reader technology daily, to confirm that your site is usable for them.